Download e-book for kindle: Die Mathematik im Denken und Dichten von Novalis: Zum by Franziska Bomski

By Franziska Bomski

Ausgehend von der Rekonstruktion zeitgenössischer wissenschaftlicher und wissenschaftsphilosophischer Quellen und Kontexte um 1800 untersucht die Studie Novalis' eigenwilligen, spezifisch poetischen Umgang mit mathematischen Konzepten. Die Textgrundlage bildet dabei einerseits das Enzyklopädistik-Projekt des Allgemeinen Brouillon, in dem Novalis unter anderem die Mathematik auf ihre Eignung als Leitdisziplin befragt. Diese Befragung vollzieht sich nicht in einheitlicher, philosophisch-systematischer Weise, sondern erfolgt in vereinzelten praktischen Versuchen, mittels mathematischer, formaler Strukturen neues Wissen zu generieren. Grundlegend für die Argumentation ist dabei die those, dass sich das Enzyklopädistik-Projekt durch ein systematisches Bestreben auszeichnet, sich jedoch weniger als Entwurf, sondern vielmehr als Suche nach einem process des Wissens verstehen lässt.
Zum anderen untersucht die Studie, welche Bedeutung der Mathematik in Novalis' dezidiert literarischem Romanfragment Heinrich von Ofterdingen zukommt. Sie widerspricht der häufig geäußerten Forschungsmeinung, Novalis inszeniere im sogenannten Klingsohr-Märchen die Ablösung der Wissenschaft, insbesondere der Mathematik, durch die Poesie, und argumentiert, dass es sich stattdessen um eine integrative, synthetische Utopie handelt. Einen weiteren Schwerpunkt bildet das bislang vernachlässigte Verhältnis von Dichtung und Astronomie. Letztere nutzt Novalis, um eine vermögenspsychologische Utopie unter Verzicht auf diskursive Verhandlung erzählend zu gestalten. Er aktualisiert und narrativiert die Metapher des Theatrum astronomicum und schreibt dem Klingsohr-Märchen damit eine selbstreflexive measurement ein, die eine poetologische Lesart nahelegt.

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Tercentenary Essays on the Philosophy and Science of Leibniz - download pdf or read online

By Lloyd Strickland,Erik Vynckier,Julia Weckend

This ebook provides new study into key components of the paintings of German thinker and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716). Reflecting quite a few features of Leibniz’s proposal, this ebook deals a set of unique study prepared into 4 separate issues: technological know-how, Metaphysics, Epistemology, and faith and Theology. With in-depth articles through specialists resembling Maria Rosa Antognazza, Nicholas Jolley, Agustín Echavarría, Richard Arthur and Paul resort, this ebook is a useful source not just for readers simply commencing to observe Leibniz, but in addition for students lengthy conversant in his philosophy and desirous to achieve new views on his paintings.

 

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Download e-book for kindle: Essais II: L'époque, la mode, la morale, la satire (Banc by Jacques Bouveresse

By Jacques Bouveresse

À un second où l’irrationalisme, le relativisme et l’historicisme radical sont devenus obligatoires pour qui veut être un philosophe de notre époque, il est réellement étonnant que le nom de Spengler n’apparaisse pour ainsi dire jamais. Il est vrai que son cas révèle de façon un peu trop voyante l’existence d’un nietzschéisme de droite (pour ne pas dire plus) : un phénomène dont les interprètes français les plus réputés n’aiment généralement pas beaucoup se memento. Le Nietzsche de Spengler fait partie des possibilités et des suites que l’on préfère ignorer hypocritement. De façon générale, l’intermède du IIIe Reich a rejeté dans l’oubli un convinced nombre d’antécédents hautement significatifs de l’irrationalisme de l. a. philosophie française contemporaine. On peut se demander si ce n’est pas à ce fait qu’elle doit essentiellement sa réputation d’innocence et de progressisme. Il y a des ancêtres qu’on préfère, autant que attainable, ne pas connaître. Mais le mieux est encore de ne pas les avoir.

Depuis les années 1960, Jacques Bouveresse n’a cessé de confronter nos modes philosophiques successives aux idées d’auteurs « peu fréquentés » ou « mal famés » : Gottfried Benn, le poète expressionniste ; Oswald Spengler, le penseur du Déclin de l’Occident ; Karl Kraus, le satiriste ; mais aussi les philosophes de l. a. culture autrichienne, notamment ceux du Cercle de Vienne ; et bien sûr Robert Musil. Il n’y a pas seulement trouvé des armes dans son strive against contre les fausses valeurs du monde intellectuel. Il pose en les lisant une query cruciale pour tout rationaliste : quelle half de vérité peut-on reconnaître à l’irrationalisme ou au nietzschéisme sans risquer de perdre l’essentiel ?

Professeur au Collège de France, Jacques Bouveresse a publié de nombreux ouvrages de philosophie du langage et de los angeles connaissance mais aussi sur des écrivains comme Robert Musil et Karl Kraus. Il est aussi l’un des principaux commentateurs français de Ludwig Wittgenstein.

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Get Taking Morality Seriously: A Defense of Robust Realism PDF

By David Enoch

In Taking Morality heavily: A security of strong Realism David Enoch develops, argues for, and defends a strongly realist and objectivist view of ethics and normativity extra widely. This view--according to which there are completely aim, common, ethical and different normative truths that aren't in any respect reducible to different, ordinary truths--is popular, yet this e-book is the 1st in-detail improvement of the confident motivations for the view into quite unique arguments. And while the booklet turns defensive--defending powerful Realism opposed to conventional objections--it mobilizes the unique optimistic arguments for the view to aid with heading off the objections.
The major underlying motivation for powerful Realism constructed within the e-book is that no different metaethical view can vindicate our taking morality heavily. The confident arguments built here--the argument from the deliberative indispensability of normative truths, and the argument from the ethical implications of metaethical objectivity (or its absence)--are hence arguments for powerful Realism which are delicate to the underlying, pre-theoretical motivations for the view.

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Download PDF by Alberto Peruzzi: Modelli della spiegazione scientifica (Manuali. Umanistica)

By Alberto Peruzzi

Qual è los angeles struttura di una spiegazione scientifica? Quanti tipi di spiegazione ci sono? los angeles scienza offre davvero spiegazioni? Dal modello tradizionale, secondo cui «spiegare» significa «trovare le reason» si è passati al modello nomologico-deduttivo (ND), introdotto da Hempel e Oppenheim nel 1948, che fa di una spiegazione un'inferenza logica tratta da leggi e condizioni specifiche, senza alcun riferimento alle reason. Il modello ND è stato poi integrato da spiegazioni statistico-induttive, ma le obiezioni mosse al modello da Salmon hanno stimolato, negli ultimi decenni, proposte di modelli alternativi, fra i quali il modello pragmatico e quello «unificazionista», fino al recupero della nozione di causa da parte dello stesso Salmon. In quest'opera si analizzano i problemi epistemologici concernenti l. a. spiegazione, giungendo a recuperare quel legame fra spiegazione e verità che nel Novecento si period cercato di eliminare.

Alberto Peruzzi insegna presso l'Università di Firenze. Ha fatto ricerche di teoria dei linguaggi, logica ed epistemologia, spostando i suoi interessi verso l. a. semantica cognitiva e l. a. fondazione categoriale della matematica. Ha pubblicato circa a hundred thirty lavori, in Italia e all'estero. Dal 2004 coordina los angeles manifestazione 'Pianeta Galileo'. Tra le sue opere: 'Definizioni' (1983), 'Noema' (1988), 'From Kant to entwined naturalism' (1993), 'The geometric roots of semantics' (2000), 'Il significato inesistente' (2004), 'The that means of classification idea for XXI century philosophy' (2006).

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Read e-book online Cognitive Justice in a Global World: Prudent Knowledges for PDF

By Boaventura de Sousa Santos

Cognitive Justice in a world global: Prudent Knowledges for a good lifestyles is an edited assortment that springs from the now dormant debates often called 'The technology Wars,' which puzzled the character of clinical theories. studying from the debates concerning the plurality of truths and reviews, editor Boaventura de Sousa Santos has learned a chance for strengthening the relatives among the average and social sciences with extra epistemological affinities and for starting up new transnational dialogues among scientists and different manufacturers of information. This publication analyses intimately many of the themes that quantity to a suite of problematical family members among technological know-how and ethics; among objectivity and neutrality; among the sociological and theoretical of construction and the boundaries of medical rigor; among public religion in technology and the industrial powers that verify clinical priorities; and among technological know-how and different kinds of data current in society. retaining that worldwide social injustice is on the whole epistemological injustice and that there might be no international social justice with out international cognitive justice, Cognitive Justice in a world international is a vital assortment for higher-level scholars and researchers within the social sciences, philosophy of technology, and highbrow history.

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Download e-book for iPad: Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise by Takashi Yagisawa

By Takashi Yagisawa

Modal realism says that non-actual attainable worlds and people are as genuine because the real global and participants. Takashi Yagisawa defends modal realism of a spread varied from David Lewis's idea. The concept of truth is left primitive and sharply unique from that of lifestyles, that is proposed as a relation among a specific thing and a website. Worlds are postulated as modal indices for fact on a par with occasions, that are temporal indices for fact. usual person gadgets are conceived as being prolonged in spatial, temporal, and modal dimensions and their transworld identification is explicated through the closest-continuer idea. very unlikely worlds and everyone is postulated and used to supply money owed of propositions, trust sentences, and fictional discourse.

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Objects: A study of the rise, production, contact, flow, by Patrick J. O'Connell PDF

By Patrick J. O'Connell

The examine of items is a class of philosophy that highlights the topic of gadgets and their family to the realm, humans, society, and different gadgets in addition. in contrast to a few experiences whose concentration is usually gadgets, the procedure followed here's person who seeks origins. The early Greeks, their literature and philosophy, are comprehended in a ancient interval the place origins referring to gadgets could be meditated. Going again to the 6th century BC, the early Greeks broke with culture and verified one among their very own, dependent upon commentary, dialogue, and the invention of Nature. An starting place of one other sort the place gadgets are studied but concerning the former, is that of Nature itself, specific within the publication as D1. in the context of Nature, construction, ontology and its existents, gazes, lower-level communications, signs, and fact are the various subject matters tested. Thirdly relating to origins, the social realm however referred to as D2 is tested. the following item creation, item touch, item movement, the idea of the item scenario and ROs are given excellent consciousness. within the final a part of the publication motives, idea, and functional chances touching on gadgets and item thought are explored.

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New PDF release: Case Studies and the Dissemination of Knowledge (Routledge

By Joy Damousi,Birgit Lang,Katie Sutton

The case learn has proved of putting up with curiosity to all Western societies, really when it comes to questions of subjectivity and the sexed self. This quantity interrogates how case reviews were utilized by medical professionals, legal professionals, psychoanalysts, and writers to speak their findings either in the expert circles in their educational disciplines, and past, to wider publics. while, it questions how case reviews were taken up through various audiences to refute and dispute educational wisdom. As such, this booklet engages with case reports as websites of interdisciplinary negotiation, transnational trade and effect, exploring the consequences of forces similar to conflict, migration, and internationalization.



Case stories and the Dissemination of Knowledge demanding situations the boundaries of disciplinary-based examine within the humanities. The circumstances tested function a method of passage among disciplines, genres, and publics, from legislations to psychoanalysis, and from auto/biography to modernist fiction. Its chapters scrutinize the case research for you to sharpen figuring out of the genre’s dynamic position within the development and dissemination of information inside of and throughout disciplinary, temporal, and nationwide limitations. In doing so, they place the case on the middle of cultural and social understandings of the emergence of contemporary subjectivities.

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Jesse Owen Hearns-Branaman's Journalism and the Philosophy of Truth: Beyond Objectivity PDF

By Jesse Owen Hearns-Branaman

This publication bridges a niche among discussions approximately fact, human knowing, and epistemology in philosophical circles, and debates approximately objectivity, bias, and fact in journalism. It examines 4 significant philosophical theories in effortless to appreciate phrases whereas keeping a serious perception that's primary to the modern learn of journalism. The publication goals to maneuver ahead the dialogue of fact within the information media by means of dissecting accepted strategies corresponding to bias, objectivity, stability, equity, in a philosophically-grounded means, drawing on intensive interviews with reporters to discover how newshounds discuss truth.

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